The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change intends to pay special attention to the impact of climate change on cities and in particular on the challenges and opportunities for urban mitigation and adaption.
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Climate (IPCC) reached a decision at its 43rd session held in Nairobi last week to place special focus on cities in its work programme over the next 12 years.
The decision was the result of a successful campaign by city networks and urban stakeholders to increase collaboration among cities, states and the international scientific community and engage cities in tackling climate change, writes C40.
The special focus will make itself felt in all the processes leading up to the IPCC’s Sixth Assessment Report (AR6), including an international scientific conference on climate change and cities to be held early in the AR6 cycle.
The IPCC also decided to include a special report on climate change and cities in the AR7 (2023-2028), which will explore the potential governance, policy and financial instruments that support mitigation and adaptation measures in urban areas, explains C40.
“These outcomes represent a significant achievement for cities, building on the successes of the Urban SDG and the COP21 decision,” says Debra Roberts, co-chair of the IPCC Working Group II.
“They create great opportunities to dramatically increase the scientific evidence on cities and climate change, in order to enable better climate policy-making at local level.”
Half of the world’s population lives in urban areas and 70 per cent of global energy use is generated in cities. But until now, cities have had to extrapolate the significance of general scientific findings on climate change and apply them locally, explains ICLEI secretary general Gino Van Begin.
“By addressing the particularities of cities in relation to climate change, the IPCC Special Report will assist local and subnational governments in developing effective mitigation and adaptation strategies,” he says.